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Central India Initiative
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Collectives for Integrated Livelihood Initiatives - CInI Cell
Zone A
Zone B
Zone C
Zone D
First Annual Partner Meet
Diversion based irrigation management
Financial services to support the livelihood of poor
Proceedings of workshop on non-timber forest produce
Knowledge building on community-based organisations
CInI is organising WRITESHOP from February 23 to 26, 2010
CInI newsletter (volume 3, December 2009)
The central India tribal belt is rich in natural resources. Stretching from Gujarat in the west, up to West Bengal in the east, and encompassing the states of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand, it is yet the poorest region of the country. More than 90 per cent of the tribal population of the region is rural, directly or indirectly dependent upon agriculture. Though most of them hold land, agricultural practices are quite primitive and productivity is low.

Subsistence farming coupled with an increase in population, has taken the tribal community to the lowest level of destitution. To meaningfully fight poverty, it is necessary to make a significant intervention in the form of rapid agriculture development through the management of land and water resources. Irrigation can be developed from small perennial streams that exist all over the hilly and undulating central India tribal belt.

Geographical spread of projects

The Trusts realise that in order to support high-quality initiatives that enhance livelihoods, it is necessary to undertake a similar quality of research. The Central India Initiative (CInI) was launched in 2002-03 by the IWMI-Tata Water Policy Research Programme (IWMI-Tata Programme). Its prime focus is to undertake research studies in the tribal districts of central India to review processes, which determine the relationship between tribals and irrigation in ten districts in the central Indian undulating-hilly-mountainous tribal belt.

The IWMI-Tata Programme was itself launched in 2000, as a partnership between the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) and the Trusts. The programme presents new perspectives and practical solutions derived from the wealth of research done in India on water resource management. The 40-odd research studies undertaken as part of CInI have generated a wide range of options for the upliftment and enhancement of the livelihood of tribals in this region.

It has been demonstrated through research studies that improved water control mechanisms, as successfully implemented by rural development agencies, has benefited tribal economy, and subsequently raised their standard of living (Click here to read more).

The research findings have been published in the form of a book. It highlights the need for taking a livelihood-centred approach through water control for tribal development in the region (Click here to read more).

As per the research findings, the central Indian region has been sub-divided into the following four zones, based on agro-climatic and socio-economic conditions.

Zone 'A' covers states of Jharkhand, Orissa, Chhattisgarh and West Bengal. The states under Zone 'B' are parts of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and tribal areas in Andhra Pradesh. Maharashtra and parts of Madhya Pradesh come under Zone 'C', and Gujarat and south Rajasthan fall under Zone 'D'. Specific strategies have been suggested for each zone.

Collectives for Integrated Livelihood Initiatives - CInI Cell
With a view to take this initiative to a higher realm, the need was felt for a unit, or a cell that would be completely focussed on central India. Besides taking the learnings from CInI to a wider orbit of government departments and donor agencies, the cell would deal with the problems of livelihood of the tribal communities in a comprehensive manner.

The CInI Cell commenced operations in July 2005, housed at the IWMI-Tata Programme in Anand and subsequently relocated to Jamshedpur in July 2007. It steers the activity of converting research findings into action plans, and testing the recommendations of the research in the field. It supports field experiments and tests ideas through small grants and brings to the fore replicable models.

The Cell also supports the Trusts' projects in the field by providing inputs in the design of the projects, documenting their progress and drawing lessons for replication, and lastly, by coordinating suitable monitoring and feedback mechanisms. In addition, it also works towards building strong brand equity for CInI among key stakeholders and policy makers.

The basic aim of the CInI Cell is to become a nodal agency for the central Indian states, which would work comprehensively towards the livelihood enhancement of the tribal communities.

The key roles and responsibilities are:
Acting as a networking and coordinating unit between civil society organisations, government agencies and donors working in the central India region
Serving as a knowledge bank, which would be a single source for the information related to tribal livelihoods in central India, especially with regard to the productive use of water resources
Playing a role of an idea incubator, by exploring new ideas in the field by further developing CInI
Developing brand equity for CInI
Monitoring and providing technical support to the organisations in implementing CInI strategies, through regular monitoring missions and field visits

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Zone A
Zone A covers the states of Jharkhand, Orissa, Chhattisgarh and West Bengal. Within this zone, the focus is on Kharif paddy stabilisation, through the creation of decentralised water harvesting structures near farmlands. It also focuses on promoting better agricultural practices in paddy, thereby enhancing its productivity. In addition, specific focus is being made to strengthen the dairy, lac and tassar interventions in Jharkhand.

Key grants
Community-managed sustainable livelihood through natural resource management in Dhalbhumghar block, Jharkhand under CInI
Sustainable agri-based livelihood enhancement of tribal communities of Charama block of Kanker district, Chhattisgarh, under the Central India Initiative
Enhancing livelihoods of tribal people in Orissa through women’s self help groups (SHGs)
Sustaining adivasi food security through improved agriculture promotion in Dumka district, Jharkhand – phase II
Livelihood promotion of tribal families in Hazaribag through development of their land and water resource
Promotion of agriculture based livelihood with self help group members in Sarwan block of Deoghar district
Food self-reliance and sustained livelihoods through Improved land and water management under CInI
Enhancing livelihoods of tribal people in Jharkhand through women’s Self Help Groups under CInI - Phase II
Livelihood promotion of tribal families in Santhal parganas through development of their land and water resources under CInI
Intervention in decentralised water resource development in Ranchi district, Jharkhand under CInI - Phase II
Improving vegetable production and consumption for sustainable rural livelihoods in Jharkhand under CInI
Increasing agricultural productivity of farming systems in parts of central India through participatory research-cum-demonstrations and knowledge sharing innovations
Integrated watershed development and management in Khatgara and Bandla Bera Nala watershed under CInI

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Zone B
Zone B covers parts of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and tribal areas in Andhra Pradesh. The paddy growing regions of this zone can benefit from schemes that create a plethora of water harvesting structures and experimenting with Systems for Rice Intensification (SRI). Water resource development should take the route of wide scale adoption of nallah bunds and cement bag bunds.

Key grants
Networking of Livelihoods Resource Centres for strengthening rural livelihoods under CInI
Better natural resource management and governance in Mandla district, Madhya Pradesh through leveraging National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme under CInI
Organic Farming for Sustainable Tribal Empowerment under CInI - Phase II
Promotion of livelihoods for tribal development through community coordination teams in the Munchingput and Pedabayalu mandals of Vishakhapatnam district, Andhra Pradesh under CInI

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Zone C
Zone C covers Maharashtra and parts of Madhya Pradesh. The strategy adopted within this zone focuses on the promotion of ‘Wadi’ (orchards) and creation of water harvesting structures for agriculture enhancement and better control over water resources.

Key grants
Intervention in decentralised water resource development in Ranchi district, Jharkhand under CInI - Phase II

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Zone D
This zone covers Gujarat, south Rajasthan and parts of Madhya Pradesh. The CInI strategy suggests construction of check dams and lift irrigation systems through a community based approach. This is coupled with soil and water conservation measures and encouraging farmers to shift cropping patterns towards more water-efficient and high-value crops.

Key grants
Strengthening, replicating and diversification of water centered livelihood for the rural and tribal community in western India – ensuring improved environment and ecosystem (phase III), under CInI
Validation of kharif maize stabilisation (KMS) strategy in districts of Jhabua in Madhya Pradesh, Dahod and Panchmahal in Gujarat, and Banswara and Dungarpur in Rajasthan
Livelihood enhancement of tribal communities in the Dangs through natural resource management and development under CInI
Community managed livelihood enhancement programmes focusing on natural resources management in western states under CInI
Sustainable rain-fed agriculture and livelihoods improvement of tribal farmers in marginal areas of Jhabua, Madhya Pradesh, under CInI
Increasing agriculture productivity in irrigated command through restoration of canal system and establishment of farmer-led agriculture extension system in Madhya Pradesh under CInI
Enhancing livelihood resilience of the tribal communities in Sabarkantha district, Gujarat, under Central India Initiative (CInI)

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